Tall, evergreen conifers with a broad conical crown and needle-like foliage. Needles are triangular on cross section, arranged singly in an open spiral phyllotaxis on long shoots, and in dense spiral clusters, with a central bud, on short shoots. Cones are cylindrical and as in Abies (firs), disintegrate at maturity. Native to mountainous areas, extending between Marocco and the Himalayas. No pruning is required, save to remove the occasional double leader.They grow in neutral or alkaline, moderately moist soils, in full sun.Tall trees are planted alone in large turf areas. Dwarf varieties are used in rock gardens.Propagate typical species by seeds that germinate easily at 20 oC (68 oF). Cultivars are propagated by grafting and often by semi-woody cuttings in autumn.• Cedrus deodara features soft needles and a curved leading stem. Native range: Himalaya.• Cedrus atlantica features rigid needles and an upright leading stem. Native range: Morocco, Algeria.• Cedrus libani features rigid needles and a curved leading stem. Native range: Lebanon, Turkey, Syria.• Cedrus brevifolia features short rigid needles and curved leading stem. Native range: Cyprus.
Big tree with a conical habit and green foliage. With age it develops an umbrella-shaped form. Stiff needles and a curved top leader shoot. Native to Lebanon, it is also the country's national emblem and it is seen on the Lebanese Flag.